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Heartwood CE VC Primary and Nursery School
Learn to Love – Love to Learn!


At Heartwood we care about our beautiful planet and the world that we live in. Through the Geography curriculum, we learn the knowledge and skills to become Geographers who understand how to 'make a difference to', embrace, protect and love our local environment, the UK and beyond whilst being conscious of our foot print on the world. 

We are working towards our Eco- school award and our approach to the Geography curriculum supports this.


Local Environment  


Year 2 have been working hard to make a difference to our local environment. Through their Science topic they have been exploring the impact of different materials on the environment and the potential dangers. Using their knowledge of our local environment, they went litter picking. The found lots of plastic and brought it back to school, leading onto a discussion about the effect this may have had on the local wildlife and residents. 

Look out for the November 2020 edition of the local Swaffham Newsletter magazine for an article that they have written about their community work. 


Very simply, geography is about understanding the world by: comparing locations; investigating; researching different sources; writing and talking about places; asking and answering questions. 

Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

It may seem strange to think about your 3 or 4 year old child as a geographer. However, the years from birth to age five provide a first opportunity to see how your child interacts with their environment — and how the environment influences them. The early learning goals at EYFS aim to guide your child onto make sense of their physical world and their community by exploring, observing, and finding out about people, places, technology and the environment.

Key Stage 1 

In Years 1 and 2, your child will be asked to begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country. They will learn about weather patterns in the United Kingdom and hot and cold areas of the world. They will use ICT, world maps, atlases and globes, simple compass directions, aerial photographs and plans, as well as simple fieldwork and observational skills. Schools have flexibility to choose the areas they teach and there is considerable variation between schools in their approaches.

Key Stage 2

In Years 3 to 6, the geography curriculum retains some flexibility, and builds and expands on previous knowledge. There are three focus areas:

  • Locational knowledge
  • Place knowledge
  • Human and physical geography

Locational knowledge examines latitude, longitude and time zones. Your child will use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical / human characteristics, countries, and major cities. They will also work on locating the counties and cities of the United Kingdom, and start to explore their human and physical characteristics.

Children also examine geographical similarities and differences by comparing the geography of a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European country, and with a region in either North or South America. This is part of the place knowledgeaspect of the curriculum. 

For human and physical geography, your child will be taught to describe and understand key aspects of geography, for example: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, types of settlement, economic activity and the distribution of natural resources.

Online learning links